# multicol в HTML

Содержание

## Функция:

Бирка HTML использована для того чтобы создать множественные колонки текста и препятствует вам контролировать размер и число колонок.

Бирка может содержать любое другое содержание HTML, больше как бирка

Эта бирка поддержана Netscape 3 и более высокими версиями только.

## Пример:

Следовать пример создаст план 3 колонок в Netscape 4.

## Breaking News

State сказали что больше чем 2.000 воины, полиции и горнорабочих закрыли пролом в dike в провинции Шаньдуна рано в воскресенье и установили трубы и 5 высокоскоростные насосов, но не дали никакую индикацию если были любые знаки life.

The Huayuan минируя шахту CO. затопило в после полудня пятницы когда река Wen разрывало dike, посылая воду в вал и поглощая 172 горнорабочих, Xinhua и государственного телевидения said.

## : The HTML Multi-Column Layout element (Obsolete)

Non-standard
This feature is non-standard and is not on a standards track. Do not use it on production sites facing the Web: it will not work for every user. There may also be large incompatibilities between implementations and the behavior may change in the future.

Obsolete
This feature is obsolete. Although it may still work in some browsers, its use is discouraged since it could be removed at any time. Try to avoid using it.

The HTML Multi-Column Layout element ( ) was an experimental element designed to allow multi-column layouts and must not be used. It never got any significant traction and is not implemented in any major browsers. It’s covered here only to warn you off in case you stumble on it in any other documentation.

Do not use this! In order to implement a multi-column layout, you should be using the regular HTML elements, like ) is the generic container for flow content. It has no effect on the content or layout until styled using CSS.»>

## Альтернатива тега MULTICOL в HTML или HTML5

0 Jankya [2015-04-22 08:19:00]

Я хочу отображать мои записи, например, теги Multiocol. тег больше не может использоваться, поскольку поддерживается только netscape.

Есть ли какой-либо альтернативный тег для поддержки того же типа, что и операция, вот пример

html html5 jquery-ui

### 2 ответа

Вы можете использовать css3 для достижения таких результатов:

Или 2d-преобразования, такие как Multi-columns

## Abstract

This module describes multi-column layout in CSS. It builds on the Box model module [no public working draft yet] and adds functionality to flow the content of an element into multiple columns.

## Status of this document

This document is a Working Draft of the CSS Working Group. See the Style overview pages for more information on W3C’s work on style sheets, including CSS. It is intended to become one of the modules of CSS level 3. See the introduction to CSS3.

This is a public W3C Working Draft for review by W3C members and other interested parties. As a draft document, it may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to use W3C Working Drafts as reference material or to cite them as other than «work in progress.» The specifications in this draft may be implemented only for experimental purposes. The existence of such implementations will not keep the working group from making changes.

A list of current W3C Recommendations and other technical documents including Working Drafts and Notes can be found at http://www.w3.org/TR.

Please send comments to the www-style@w3.org mailing list (see how to subscribe) or to the editor.

## 1. Dependencies on other modules

This CSS3 module depends on the following other CSS3 modules:

• the Box model module, which this module extends

## 2. Introduction

This module describes multi-column layout in CSS. By using functionality described in this document, style sheets can declare that the content of an element is to be laid out in multiple colums.

On the web, tables have also been used to describe multi-column layouts. This module has two major advantages over table-based layouts. First, it allows content to flow from one column to another based on available space rather than document structure. Second, this module allows the column w >3. New properties

This proposal describes a set of new properties in order to support multi-column layouts in CSS. The new properties can be divided into three groups. The first group set the number and width of the columns:

• column-count
• column-width
• column-min-width
• column-width-policy

The second group of properties describes the space between columns:

• column-gap
• column-rule
• column-rule-color
• column-rule-style
• column-rule-width

The third group consists of one property which make it possible an element to span several columns:

• column-span

## 4. The column model

Columns are laid out inside boxes generated by elements. Each column is a box. The border, padding and margin properties do not apply to these boxes (although they may do so in the future). Therefore, the column box defines the content area for the column. This is the containing block for the block children (explicit or anonymous) of the element on which the columns are defined. There is also no separate «background» properties for the column (although these may be defined in the future).

The figure below shows the various components of an element with two columns inside it.

Note that the ‘column-gap’ property is used to set as >’column-gap’ is split in two and applied equally to each s >’column-rule’ .

The layout in the figure above can e.g. be achieved with markup like:

For purposes of illustration in the figures in this document, the border and column-rule colors are changed from the specified colors to highlight where the borders and column-rule occur and, for the same reason, the padding and column-gap are shown as being colored instead of transparent to the background.

Columns within an element all have the same w >5. Content flow in columns

## 6. The number and width of columns

Finding the number and w >’column-count’ ) and lets the UA choose the column w >’column-width’ is ‘auto’)

• the style sheet specifies the column w >’column-width’ ) and lets the UA determine how many columns there is room for (i.e., ‘column-count’ is ‘auto’).
• the style sheet specifies both the number of columns and their w >’column-count’ and ‘column-width’ , respectively).
• Note that the w >In all three cases, the UA determines the height of the columns based on the content which needs to be fitted. Content should be balanced between columns to minimize the column height, while honoring the ‘widows’ and ‘orphans’ properties.

In case 2 and case 3, the content width of the element may be different from CWRG. In the figure below, the difference is marked by the red area.

### 6.1. Reducing the number of columns

In no cases can CWRG be larger than the content w >’column-count’ must be reduced to make the columns fit inside the content area.

Here is one example:

In the example above, the number of columns must be reduced since there isn’t room for 4 columns. In order to find the number of columns (n), the following equation must be solved:

Solving the equation yields n=2, i.e., the actual value of ‘column-count’ is 2 and the element will therefore have 2 columns.

The minimum actual value of ‘column-count’ is 1.

### 6.2. Increasing the width of columns

In most cases, the presentation looks best when CWRG is equal to the content w >’column-width-policy’ property.

#### 6.2.1. ‘column-width-policy’

Value: flexible | strict | inherit
Initial: flexible
Applies to: block-level elements
Inherited: no
Percentage values: N/A

This property describes how to interpret ‘column-width’ . The ‘flexible’ value indicates that the w >’column-width’ is to be honored.

### 6.3. Distributing extra space

If ‘column-width-policy’ has a value of ‘strict’, CWPB may end up being smaller than the content w >’column-space-distribution’ property.

#### 6.3.1. ‘column-space-distribution’

Value: [start || end || inner || outer || between] | inherit
Initial: end
Applies to: block-level elements
Inherited: no
Percentage values: N/A

This property describes how to distribute space in the case where CWPB is smaller than the content width of the element. The values are: start The space is placed before the first column. end The space is placed after the last column. inner The space is placed on the side closest to the binding. This value is only valid in the page context. outer The space is placed on the side most far from the binding. This value is only valid in the page context. between The space is distributed equally between all columns.

If more than one value is given, the space is distributed equally between places. For example:

In the example above, the extra space is distributed in equal chunks before the first column, between all columns, and after the last column.

## 7. W >7.1. ‘column-count’

Value: | auto | inherit
Initial: auto
Applies to: block-level elements
Inherited: no
Percentage values: N/A

The ‘column-count’ property determines the number of columns into which the content of the element will be flowed.

The ‘auto’ value means there will be as many columns as there is room for. In this case, the number of columns is determined by the column width, padding and borders.

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An integer value sets the number of columns into which the content of the element will be flowed.

When an integer value is specified, the actual value of ‘column-count’ may be reduced so that all columns with into the content area of the document.

### 7.2. ‘column-width’

Value: | auto | inherit
Initial: auto
Applies to: block-level elements
Inherited: no
Percentage values: N/A

The ‘column-width’ property describes the optimal w >’column-width-policy’ , the actual column width may be larger than the specified one.

The actual value of ‘column-width’ may be smaller than the specified value when there is only one column.

## 8. Column padding and border

### 8.1. ‘column-gap’

| inherit
Initial: 0
Applies to: block-level elements
Inherited: no
Percentage values: relative to the content width of the element

The ‘column-gap’ property sets the padding between columns. If there is no column rule between columns, the value of this property is equal to the distance between columns. If there is a column rule between columns, half the gap will appear on each side of the column rule.

Column gaps cannot be negative.

### 8.2. ‘column-rule-color’

Value: | inherit
Initial: the value of the ‘color’ property
Applies to: block-level elements
Inherited: no
Percentage values: N/A

### 8.3. ‘column-rule-style’

Value: | inherit
Initial: none
Applies to: block-level elements
Inherited: no
Percentage values: N/A

Note that the ‘none’ value forces the computed value of ‘column-rule-width’ to be ‘0’.

### 8.4. ‘column-rule-width’

Value: | inherit
Initial: medium
Applies to: block-level elements
Inherited: no
Percentage values: N/A

### 8.5. ‘column-rule’

Value: [ || || ] | inherit
Initial: the value of the ‘color’ property
Applies to: block-level elements
Inherited: no
Percentage values: N/A

## 9. Spanning several columns

The ‘column-span’ property makes it possible for an element to span across several columns.

### 9.1. ‘column-span’

Value: none | all | | inherit
Initial: none
Applies to: block-level elements
Inherited: no
Percentage values: N/A

This property describes how many columns the element spans. The ‘all’ value means that the element spans across all columns.

An integer value specifies exactly how many columns the element spans. If the integer value is higher than the number of columns, the element will span all columns.

A value other than ‘none’ will enforce column balancing.

Consider this example:

In the above example, the H1 and the H2 elements will span 3 and 2 columns, respectvely. Also, both elements will enforce column balancing to happen. Here is a sample rendering:

In the above figure, the numbers indidcate in what order the content will flow. The first P element will flow into area 1 and 2, while the second P element will flow into area 3, 4 and 5.

Page breaks will also cause column balancing.

Here is another example:

It’s convenient to wrap the DIV element around the whole article. However, the headline and ingress should span several columns:

## 10. Floating in and between columns

A common effect in modern typography is to float text elements in and between columns. Describing this effect in a simple, scalable, deterministic and visually pleasing manner is difficult. This document proposes a simple solution by adding two new values to the ‘float’ property: ‘in-column’ and ‘mid-column’. Both values has the effect of setting the content width of the floating element to the column width. The ‘in-column’ value floats the element within a column, i.e. the vertical position of the element may change due to viual considerations. For example, the UA may decide that ‘in-column’ elements are to be placed 10em from the top of the box. Similarly, the UA is free to place «mid-column» elements vertically while making sure the elements are floated in between columns. See figure below.

Both new values are rather fuzzy: they indicate that an element should be floated, but does not give precise measurements. For example, there is no way to say which columns a «mid-column» element should float between.

Here is an example of use:

## 11. Acknowledgement

This document is based on several older proposals and comments on older proposals. Contributors include Bert Bos, Dave Raggett, Chris Wilson, Robert Stevahn, Peter Linss, Chris Lilley, Steve Zilles, Tantek Çelik, Daniel Glazman and Ian Hickson.

## в HTML

Non-standard
This feature is non-standard and is not on a standards track. Do not use it on production sites facing the Web: it will not work for every user. There may also be large incompatibilities between implementations and the behavior may change in the future.

## Summary

The HTML element was an experimental element designed to allow multi-column layouts. It never got any significant traction and is not implemented in any major browsers.

Note that up to Firefox 22, though not supported, a element was associated with an element and derives from the HTMLElement interface, but without implementing any additional properties or methods.»> HTMLSpanElement . It was then fixed and is now associationd with a HTMLUnknownElement as requested by the specification.

## Multi-column and multi-row cells in LaTeX tables

I always forget how to do this. If you have the same problem, here is a quick post for your bookmarks…

##### Basic commands

Using * as width in the multirow command, the text argument’s natural width is used (multirow package documentation).

##### Multiple rows and columns

The examples provided are very basic. Drop me a comment below in case you are having problems with a more complex table. Also, the color is just for illustration purposes and for simplicity reasons not part of the minimal working examples above. See here for how to color table columns or rows.

##### Partial horizontal line

Use \cline for a horizontal line spanning one or several table columns.

### Like this:

in the multiple columns and multiple rows examples, are you sure pictures match with code?. I think alignment of “X” is not “c”.

Right, I used a more complex column definition and changed the code to keep it as simple as possible. Also, the color is not reproduced by the example.

Hi. Thanks for the help. I am having trouble with multiple multirows in a table. It doesn’t seem to recognise that the second multirow exists. Any ideas?

Hi Rachael,
Here is an example with multiple multirows in a table. If this doesn’t help solving your issue, please provide a minimal example.

this code in not working every time a error occured “I can’t write on file mainnew.pdf .. pls reply

Thanks for your question. I don’t think there is a problem with the code. The error sounds like there is another problem, i.e. the file cannot be replaced. Perhaps you opened mainnew.pdf with another program which locks the file. See here for a similar question.

Hope this helps,
Tom

Thanks for the post. It helped me a lot.

I wonder if it is possible to centralize the cell named “Sunday and Holiday” in the following example.

Thanks, interesting question!

I assume you were asking about centering horizontally. You can achieve it by placing \centering in front of the text within \multirow .

I also took the liberty to clean up your table a bit. The main change is to define column width relative to \linewidth in order to optimally make use of space using p <\linewidth>. Let me know if you have questions.

Hello,
I have one question
Is there a option to prevent page break in multicolumn? Im using tabular

So I need to second multicolumn be on separate page, if it’s to big for one page.

Thanks for the question. I suggest to use the longtable package which automatically inserts page breaks. Take a look at my post on the topic and also this trick to color every other row.

Do you know if it’s possible to combine multirows with alternating rowcolors?
I want all the rows within one multirow to be the same color, but the “main” rows to change color every second row.
When just specifying \rowcolors<2> , the rows within one multirow will also alternate colors, which I don’t want. And preferably I don’t want the multirows to have visible lines between them.
Found something similar here, but with multicolumns:
http://tex.stackexchange.com/questions/40880/multicolumn-overrules-rowcolors.

Interesting question, thanks! In the example on tex.SX, usage of \cline doesn’t change the color for the subsequent row. You might want to try that instead of \multirow . To make the small lines between rows with the same color disappear, give \cline the same color:

Thank you for looking into this issue. Your comments helped me one step in the right direction: I’ve managed to hide the cline by coloring it the rowcolor.
Here is a stripped example of my table, which kind of works.
As you can see there are still some issues:
1: The right vertical table border is not shown (is it affected by the cline-color perhaps?)
2: The “very long text” in my third “main” row is put within one cell (which I understand, due to multirow not being used). However, I would like it to span over the next three rows AND keep its color.

And regarding the tabular column alignment:

Could you please explain what the p<3cm>* <1>part means (the star (*) symbol). I stole that from the example on tex.SX, but can’t really figure out how it works.

Thanks for the example. You might have to use another trick for the last set of rows. Try the modified example below. I cannot reproduce your issue 1, the right border appears properly.

Concerning your ‘star’ question: The star belongs to the column definition on the right. You can define column-repetitions this way and save some typing especially for more complex columns. Say you have 5 left-aligned columns, so instead of lllll you could use *<5> . In your example, it doesn’t make sense, because you only have one column :-). See here for some more information.

Thank you! Works perfectly for the provided example. However, as the example was a bit stripped, it’s still an issue: The text which I provided as “color1” in my example is actually a little longer in my real table (so it forces some line breaks in the cell, due to the “p” horizontal alignment). By using \specialcell, the texts in the two “specialcell” columns, are not properly aligned, as they would have been using multirow.

I modified the \specialcell command slightly (to use “p” instead of “l”):

And here is an example with longer text:

In that case, I’d color the rows manually as shown in the example below. Cheers, Tom.

Ok, I see.
Thank you very much for looking into it. ��

Great to hear, thanks! Tom

Can anyone help with getting every second row colored in gray.. Really cant figure it out

Thanks for getting in touch. I removed your table, it was quite bulky. Here is an example of how to color every alternate row in a table. The problem in your case will be that you are using \multirow . These can be coloured with either this trick and/or manually.

Thank you for your tutorial! I wonder how can I spann the rows on the right side of the table? I would appreciate your helf a lot!

Below is an example of multirow-row spanning on the right.

Hi Tom,
Thanks for the post, it helped me hugely!
Can you tell about how to put that vertical bar “|c|” in the multirow-line too?

Thanks for the example. In the code you provided, all vertical lines are produced. Would you mind to clarify the question, please?

I am so sorry! Provided wrong example! This one here, it doesn’t show the vertical lines at the sides of the multicolumn. All others have.

You can add the vertical lines with the alignment parameter of the multicolumn command.

Thank you very much man! Keep up the good work.
Whenever come to Brazil, I own you a beer! o/

Nice, thanks!
All the best, Tom

Hello Tom,
thank you very much for this very helpfull blog!
I’ve got a problem with multirow which i’m unable to solve. Any help would be much appreciated.
The text in the multirow is not centerd but goes over the lower cell-boundary:

Thanks for your question. Next time, please provide a complete minimal example. Otherwise, you risk that I won’t be able to help because I can’t reproduce the problem. For example the column-type C is not defined by default. I assume you copied the style from here. Hope you can understand.

Anyway, below is an example that works. If this doesn’t solve your problem, please provide a minimal working example.

I am a LaTeX idiot so I’m really struggling. I’m trying to recreate your example “multiple rows and columns”. If I do it as you did, the text carries over to the next line, but the very start of the next line. It does not carry on below the line I want it to in the last column

So basically “scrap and solidified liquids” goes all the way to the left of the line and I need it to be on the right.

From the example, I’m having a hard time to see how you’d like to structure your table. Here are a few suggestions that may be useful:

• You don’t need to specify \multicol<1><><> , for single-column cells just add the content.
• It seems you added an extra column to set the row color. Use \headcol<>Cell-text. &. instead
• You can specify a fixed column width, globally and in multicolumn, using for example m <0.2\linewidth>instead of c This is documented in the array package. I got the impression you used \multicolumn to add extra column space.
• I wasn’t able to find \topline , \midline , \bottomline . Did you define these commands or should they rather be \toprule , etc. as defined in booktabs?

If you need more help, please provide a minimal working example, which includes a preamble and 1-2 lines of table content.

Thanks so much for getting back to me.

Regarding the first 3 points: thank you I will do that!

Regarding the last point: you are correct, it should be \toprule

i am having troubles with the multicol… actually it works just fine most of the time but in the row ‘concentration of nanoparticles’ the multicol does not seem to work and i cannot figure out why.. ��

The problem is that if all rows have multicolumn , the column width cannot be calculated. Try using the tabu or tabularx package instead. See here for some more information.

Hello Tom. Thanks for your helpful blog. I have a question about this multicolumn and multirow problem. What about if I want to do this not for header row but within some data cells of my csv imported table? Is this possible?

That’s an interesting question. Depending on the package you use to import your CSV file, it may or may not be possible. My suggestion would be to use an online service such as this to convert your CSV file to a LaTeX table.

Hope this helps.

Best wishes, Tom

Hello again Tom.

Thanks for your answer. In fact, yesterday I decided to try the excel add-in excel2latex and inputed the resulting file in my .tex project. With some inner code adjustments I’m being able to do several things I was intending but not achieving before… Like multi column/row.

Your LaTeX Table Generator suggestion looks much alike what I’m doing with the mentioned converted file and it seems a very interesting option. Thank you very much!

Best regards,
Carlos

Great to hear you found a solution. Thanks for the feedback.

Hii Tom
I am facing problem in this code segment :

Here if at the place of 3 we use 2 it doesn’t make any issue but with 3 table alignment get changed.

Your code works for me if I add an extra column ( ccc instead of cc ) to tabular . Here is the complete code:

You are the latex table expert! Thank you!

Hey there. Such an interesting helpful blog. There is a question. I have a table; the eshould be multiple in second column, but the first one is single ones. Then 3-4 columns are single too.
Like:
\begin (table)
Xxx & multirow (2)(*)(Yyy) & pop & poop \\ \cline (0-1)(3-4)
Qqq & & you & ttt \glide
End
Don’t pay attention to grammar. I’m texting from phone

See code below. Next time, please read the article first. Then, provide a minimal working example and try to formulate a problem or a question. With that, I’m happy to help. If you just ask me to write code for you, I may not reply.

I would like to draw a table with 2 rows with 5 columns. In the second row, the second column till column number 5, it has 3 more subcolumns in each. I do not know how to draw that in table.

This is what I have been trying to do

It does not want to work

My suggestion would be to insert a tabular environment in each cell with three columns. Alternatively, you can also use the multicol package as in your example. But you have to be careful to use the same number of columns in each row. In the example, you define a table with 5 columns ( \begin <|c|c|c|c|c|>), but the first row occupies 9 columns ( \multicolumn<9> <. >).

Hope this helps,
Tom

You re brilliant, thanks so much. I have modified the code according to your suggestion, it is working perfectly now. But I have another problem that is, I would want my table to be smaller. The one that I have now is taking the space of my A4. Here is my modified code:

When I mean smaller- means like could I make this sentence “The column in the matrix”
Become like this:
“The column
in the matrix”

How do I write that in the table?

One possibility to make it smaller is to reduce the font size (e.g. with \begin…\end). But what you want is to define fixed width columns. This is defined in the array package. Please see the documentation for more details. Below is a quick fix that gives every column the same width ( 0.2\linewidth ). This still slightly reaches into the margin. You can define a different width for every column so that it fits nicely.

Thanks alot for your input.I have modified my code and this is how it looks like:

[…]Removed code by Tom[…]

I find writing a table is the most difficult part for me in Latex, since I am beginner to Latex.

My next question is, how do I want to draw a full vertical line for the subcolumn? I have included the vertical line in line 2 in the lLatex code, but cant seem to achieve it.

In this case, I think it makes more sense to do it the hard way and write everything out (see below). If you have several rows of table content, it might be a good idea to have a full-page table on a landscape page. This way, there is more horizontal space. You might find my short post on landscape useful.

Thanks for this. Do you have any suggestions on how to remove white spaces between the figure and text?

See here for some help with whitespace around figures.

Here is my code. I want to fix the width of table. But I fail to do this. Can you help me.

ROE & 0.077& 0.057& 0.034& 0.031& 0.026& -0.069& -0.927& 1.096& 0.094& -0.281& 0.450& 0.001 \\
& 0.119& -0.111& 0.126& -0.755& 0.117& -0.050& 0.102& 0.116& 0.059& 0.067& 0.100& -0.000 \\
& -1.067& 6.948& -2.569& 7.551& -1.519& -0.240& -0.930& 3.766& 0.998& -8.318& 4.282& 0.053 \\
[0.5em]
\hline
CF & 0.061& 0.051& 0.060& 0.059& 0.044& 0.009& 0.029& 0.029& 0.062& -0.140& 0.003& 0.038 \\
& 0.062& 0.069& 0.058& 0.076& 0.058& 0.042& 0.054& 0.037& 0.052& -0.035& 0.021& 0.002 \\
& -1.044& -7.180& 2.385& -6.253& -6.694& -23.859& -8.631& -6.328& 11.392& -37.083& -6.982& 7.542 \\
[0.5em]
\hline
EBIT\_MAR & 0.043& -0.016& -0.066& -0.639& -0.443& -1.742& -1.598& 0.017& -0.012& -17.730& 0.018& -1.102 \\
& 0.075& 0.050& -0.050& -5.519& 0.034& -0.254& -0.163& 0.185& 0.020& -8.070& 0.095& -0.137 \\
& -2.244& -6.142& -0.519& 10.781& -4.773& -5.256& -1.514& -11.954& -2.024& -5.218& -0.509& -8.969 \\
[0.5em]
\hline
GM & 0.340& 0.262& 0.217& 0.152& 0.146& -0.847& -0.696& 0.221& 0.277& -14.841& 0.350& -0.587 \\
& 0.323& 0.285& 0.176& 0.042& 0.361& 0.285& 0.234& 0.279& 0.237& -7.230& 0.276& 0.165 \\
& 2.168& -2.748& 1.644& 0.820& -5.184& -4.208& -1.029& -9.724& 5.978& -4.262& 0.583& -7.792 \\
[0.5em]
\hline
TAX & 0.339& 0.309& 0.221& 0.264& 0.278& 0.141& 0.263& 0.392& 0.564& 0.249& 0.246& 0.138 \\
& 0.300& 0.131& 0.369& 0.276& 0.344& 0.162& 0.018& 0.329& 0.306& 0.207& 0.204& 0.216 \\
& 1.820& 5.471& -3.440& -0.289& -3.618& -1.018& 3.346& 2.985& 1.382& 0.862& 0.986& -1.205 \\
[0.5em]
\hline
RET12\_L & 1.211& 1.223& 1.212& 1.240& 1.215& 1.320& 1.261& 1.166& 1.239& 1.322& 1.144& 1.232 \\
& 1.217& 1.241& 1.208& 1.257& 1.176& 1.312& 1.293& 1.151& 1.229& 1.318& 1.212& 1.208 \\
& -1.006& -2.006& 1.176& -2.261& 5.777& 1.258& -2.815& 6.934& 1.854& 0.631& -23.983& 6.033 \\
\hline\hline
\end

Please don’t just ask me to fix your table. I’d appreciate if you explained the problem in a little more details. The code is below. I suggest to make it a full-page landscape table.

Thank you for this very succinct guide. I am having problems implementing any multicolumns in my document (part of a thesis) . My document compiles without the table. I copied in your first example and i get an error:

! LaTeX Error: \mathrm allowed only in math mode.
See the LaTeX manual or LaTeX Companion for explanation.
Type H for immediate help.

l.636 \multicolumn<2>
\\
You’re in trouble here. Try typing to proceed.
If that doesn’t work, type X to quit.
! Missing $inserted. If I comment out the row with the multicolum then it compiles. I have looked everywhere online and while I see some results saying that if the contents are math only commands then this error shows up but obviously that’s not the case here. I’m hoping you have seen something like this before. The thesis does have a custom style file so I’m worried that the source of this problem lies in there. Obviously I’m trying to put a more interesting table in but this is currently my minimal case reproducing the problem. Thanks for any help you may be able to provide. Can you please provide a minimal example. From the error I’d say that you are missing some$-signs around \mathrm . But I can’t be sure without seeing your code.

Elibeth Rugerio López

Hey, thanks for this support. How can i put a pic file into a cell?

Take a look at this post. If that doesn’t answer your question, please provide a minimal working example.

Can you please provide me a solution: My document compiles but \multirow or <*>appear in the text.

Did you load the multirow package?
Please provide a minimal working example to illustrate the problem and I will be happy to take a look.

## Ru_TeX

Приветсвтую.
Уже третий день я мучаюсь сам и мучаю IRC-канал #latex.
Нужно сделать достаточно простой, на первый взгляд, документ:
* две «параллельные», синхронизированные колонки текста, в левой идет русский, в правой его перевод
* много разной нумерации, пункты, подпункты, разделы и т.п.

Вот картинка того, что примерно нужно получить:
http://imagebin.org/51143 Оно получается, но с трудом и не автоматизировано.

Пробовал пакеты:
* parallel — много ограничений и проблем, уже и забыл, каких
* multicols — http://pastebin.tlhiv.org/GW0IfjjF вот пример ребят с #latex, тоже есть ограничения, если правильно помню, без minipage тут никак не получить непропадающий под footer-ом текст, а minipage не бьется на несколько страниц, соответственно, длинный параграф просто обрежется; так же без minipage иногда колонки становятся несинхронизированными
* ledpar — очень замороченный в плане написания документа, причем документация не соответствует действительности, долго искал, каким бы способом убрать нумерацию строк и вообще «включить» двухколоночность, но вроде как считается самым профессиональным; тоже имеет странные проблемы с расположением колонок, minipage частично помогает, но тоже есть артефакты в виде текста над footer и под ним и т.п. (вот пример текста с ledpar:http://paste.org.ru/?36hzn1)
* вариант с longtable+несколько макросов, написал Zz с #latex как эксперимент (http://senduit.com/6b0cf1 тут tex и pdf). получилось интересно, параллельно делает колонки или нумерует, но ограничения, в itemize/enumerate ничего нельзя поместить и т.п.

Сейчас пытаюсь просто заполность xtabular, пока не очень получается, т.к. не «набиты» руки на работу в auctex и прочих редакторах, я раньше обычно lyx использовал и потом уже доводил документ.

Я думаю, что с таблицей «влоб» получится, хочется только автоматизировать нумерацию как-то. Можно отдельную колону для цифр, можно в каждой колонке текста свои цифры (но одинаковые у обеих). В том же MSO/OOO это сделать не проблема. А тут надо, как я понимаю, рисовать некие макросы, сохранять промежуточные значения счетчика и т.п.?
В общем, буду рад любой идее. Уже из принципа хочу добить этот документ, хотя уже целых три дня потратил на возню с кучей всяких пакетов и идей

## в HTML

is one of those interesting special effects from Netscape that is more likely to detract from the page than add to it. creates columns across the screen. The text flows from one column to the next like in a newspaper. This tends to make the web page more difficult to read, but this tag has a few good uses we’ll discuss below.

In its most basic use, uses just the attribute indicate how many columns across.

Alice was beginning to get very tired of sitting by her sister on the bank and of having nothing to do: once or twice she had peeped into the book her sister was reading, but it had no pictures or conversations in it, and what is the use of a book,’ thought Alice, without pictures or conversations?’

To put a little more space between the columns to make it more readable use either the attribute, which controls the width of a single column, or the attribute, which controls the space between columns. I recommend not using both attributes, because they interact. (If you really want to make the page more readable, you may wish to consider not using at all.)

One popular use for is to compact lists which are long and not wide:

gives us this list which uses the vertical space on the screen:

## Использование

Шаблон применяется для создания многоколоночного списка вручную. В начале списка ставится тег <>, разрывы между колонками обозначаются тегом <>, а завершается список тегом <>. Число колонок соответствует количеству тегов <> плюс один.

## Параметры

«По умолчанию» все колонки имеют одинаковую ширину, промежуточный зазор в 20 пикселей и ориентируются по левому краю страницы. Например:

что выглядит следующим образом:

Этот текст появляется в первой колонке.

Этот текст появляется во второй колонке.

Этот текст появляется в третьей колонке.

Ширину всего списка можно изменять с помощью указания процента от ширины страницы. Например:

В Викиверситете будет выглядеть так:

Этот текст появляется в первой колонке.

Этот текст появляется во второй колонке.

Этот текст появляется в третьей колонке.

Во избежание поломок страниц, использующих данный шаблон, желательно экспериментировать в своём личном пространстве.