spacer в HTML


Лекции по веб-программированию

Создаёт пустое пространство по вертикали или горизонтали.

align — Определяет выравнивание элемента относительно содержимого.

height — Устанавливает высоту пустого пространства в пикселях.

size — Число пикселей пустого пространства вставляемых горизонтально или вертикально, в зависимости от значения атрибута type — horizontal или vertical.

type — Указывает тип элемента. Возможные значения block | horizontal | vertical.

width — Устанавливает ширину пустого пространства в пикселях.

HTML — Tag

Description

The HTML tag specifies a whitespace.

Example

tag is available in Netscape 4 and higher version only. This will produce the following result −

Global Attributes

This tag supports all the global attributes described in − HTML Attribute Reference

Specific Attributes

The HTML tag also supports the following additional attributes −

Attribute Value Description
type vertical
horizontal
block
The type attribute is used to specify whether the spacer will be horizontal, vertical, or block.
size number Specifies the number of pixels tall or wide the spacer will be This attribute is only used if the spacer type is «horizontal» or «vertical.» If the spacer type is «block,» then the width attribute is used.
width number The w . Between the quotes specify a pixel value for the width of the block.
height number The height attribute is used when the spacer type = «block». Between the quotes specify a pixel value for the height of the block.
align left
right
center
The align tag is used to specify the alignment of the block of white space. Valid alignments are left, right, and center.

Event Attributes

This tag supports all the event attributes described in − HTML Events Reference

Browser Support

This tag is available in Netscape 4 and higher version only.

How to create extra space in HTML or a web page

Creating extra space in your HTML on a web page can be achieved many ways depending on the type of space you want to create. The following sections contain many of the different ways to create extra space using both HTML and CSS.

Creating extra spaces before or after text

One of the most confusing things to new users who are creating their own web page is that they cannot press the spacebar multiple times make additional spaces. To create extra spaces before, after, or in-between your text, use the (non-breaking space) extended HTML character.

For example, with «extra space» we have the following code in our HTML.

If you are using a WYSIWYG editor to enter the above code, you must be in the HTML tab or editing the HTML code.

Keep spacing in text that is pasted into a page

If you are pasting text with extra spaces or tabs, you can use the HTML

The example above is done using the below HTML code.

If you are using a WYSIWYG editor to enter the code above, you must be in the HTML tab or editing the HTML code.

In the first section of the code, «margin-left: 2.5em;» adds a left margin of 2.5 em, which gives the appearance of indented text. As shown by the example, this spacing is outside of the border. In the next section, «padding: 0 7em 2em 0;» is defining the top, right, bottom, and left (clockwise) padding. There is «0» top padding, «7em» right padding, «2em» bottom padding, and 0 left padding. The remainder of this example is defining how the border should look.

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Creating a tab using CSS and HTML

A tab can be created in HTML by adjusting the left margin of an element. For example, this paragraph has a left margin of 2.5 em from the element containing the text. The CSS to create this left margin is shown below.

After placing this code in our CSS file, we can apply the «tab» class to any text to create the appearance of a tab. The value of the margin-left can be increased or decreased depending on your needs.

Although we recommend the method above, the margin-left CSS can also be added inline as shown in the example below.

An example of a 5em left margin.

Add space below a line or paragraph of text

If you need to add extra space below a line or paragraph of text, and only need to do it once, you can use the
tag to add extra space in a document. Below is an example of how this technique can be applied.

The code above would create the text shown below.

This sentence contains example text.

As you can see, two breaks add the above space.

Additional breaks can be added if needed. However, we suggest using the CSS method mentioned earlier to add padding and spacing around your text if being done in multiple places on a page.

Для каких целей используется spacer?

Есть у меня тема адаптивное меню на сайте, которое на малых разрешениях сворачивается в кнопку-бутерброд. Хочу поинтересоваться: для чего может использоваться класс spacer расположенный сразу перед кнопкой, который при скроллировании вниз неприятно дергает эту самую кнопку? наглядная демонстрация: демо сайта

моя догадка: при включении функции залипания меню при скроле вниз он должен является своеобразным буфером, но почему-то этого не просиходит.

Spacer

This deprecated, browser-specific element is not recommended. Authors should generally find an alternative way to accomplish the same task while adhering to all best practices, or simply do without it if it is unimportant.

The void HTML element inserts a space in the document. The space can be between characters or between lines, or it can be a spacing rectangle, similar to an invisible image. The author can control horizontal-only spacing, vertical-only spacing, or block spacing (vertical and horizontal) as well. This element is only supported by Netscape, but since CSS can do the same task at a better level, later on even Netscape stopped supporting it. Its use is strongly discouraged.

в HTML

Occasionally you will find that you want to put some empty space into your document to spread things out. Frequently this has been done with by using «invisible» images which are either entirely transparent, or are the same color as the background. Unfortunately, both of these methods are unreliable. is Netscape’s answer to this need for including blank space in your document. is like an image, except that there is not actually a picture in the space where the image would be.

You must specify the spacer as one of three types: vertical; horizontal; and block, which is both vertical and horizontal. Use the attribute to do this.

Here’s a few examples of using various attributes:

Spacer

Vertical spacing in emails is inconsistent. The spacer component will help you create the space you need, the same on every device and client.

Basics

Vertical spacing between email clients is not as simple as it sounds, in fact, it’s consistently inconsistent. Versions of Outlook don’t respect margin and padding the same and
’s are different all over the place.

The spacer is used to create vertical spacing between elements. The size size=»x» attribute allows you to set the height in pixels of vertical spacing you need.

When using Inky HTML, the tag will create this structure for you. You can use them between rows, containers or inside wrappers, rows, columns, and containers.

In this example, this spacer will create 100px of vertical spacing.

How to Insert Spaces in HTML

Updated: November 11, 2020

This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Together, they cited information from 8 references.

wikiHow’s Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article meets our high quality standards. Learn more.

This wikiHow teaches you how to insert spaces and line breaks in HTML. Since pressing the space bar more than once results in only one space appearing in HTML, you’ll need to use HTML tags to insert more than one space at a time.

css — cleanest way to make spacer

By changing the value of the transparent spacer.gif i can arange the
second text on the page where i want it to.

Is there a good way to do this with css?

Hi,
i am going to make my pages more css and xhtml compatible.
Before i got athe following code:
———————

By changing the value of the transparent spacer.gif i can
arange the second text on the page where i want it to.

Is there a good way to do this with css?

And in your styles (so it’ll work for all pages with a ‘second-
class paragraph’):
p.second


Els
http://locusmeus.com/
Sonhos vem. Sonhos vгo. O resto й imperfeito.
— Renato Russo —

Hi,
i am going to make my pages more css and xhtml compatible.
Before i got athe following code:
———————

By changing the value of the transparent spacer.gif i can
arange the second text on the page where i want it to.

Is there a good way to do this with css?

And in your styles (so it’ll work for all pages with a ‘second-
class paragraph’):
p.second

And in your styles (so it’ll work for all pages with a
‘second- class paragraph’):
p.second

This is margin 80px from the last paragraph
Can i use absolute margin from top of page, too?

Yes, but it’s not called margin then.
p.secondwill set the second paragraph exactly 80 pixels from the top of
the closest positioned parent.
Meaning: if the paragraphs are inside another div which also has
position:absolute, or position:relative, the 80 pixels are
calculated from the top of that div.

WARNING. don’t even think about using the position property
until you really understand CSS.
Just one small little tiny disadvantage of setting the second
paragraph to 80px from the top of the page: What happens if the
first paragraph is higher because someone adjusted the font-
size?


Els
http://locusmeus.com/
Sonhos vem. Sonhos vгo. O resto й imperfeito.
— Renato Russo —

And in your styles (so it’ll work for all pages with a
‘second- class paragraph’):
p.second

This is margin 80px from the last paragraph
Can i use absolute margin from top of page, too?

Yes, but it’s not called margin then.
p.secondwill set the second paragraph exactly 80 pixels from the top of
the closest positioned parent.
Meaning: if the paragraphs are inside another div which also has
position:absolute, or position:relative, the 80 pixels are
calculated from the top of that div.

WARNING. don’t even think about using the position property
until you really understandto CSS.
Just one small little tiny disadvantage of setting the second
paragraph to 80px from the top of the page: What happens if the
first paragraph is higher because someone adjusted the font-
size?

WARNING. don’t even think about using the position
property until you really understandto CSS.
Just one small little tiny disadvantage of setting the
second paragraph to 80px from the top of the page: What
happens if the first paragraph is higher because someone
adjusted the font- size?

Tahnx, that is a really good point!
My objective is get the site working for blind people with
css so i do not use the absolute thing.

Eh. to get the site working for blind people, the CSS won’t
do anything.

Mark up your page with pure html first, but very simple, like:

Title

secondary title

Then, after you’re sure it’s all readable and accessible,
*then* you start to add CSS, so it will be visually nice
looking for non-blind people.


Els
http://locusmeus.com/
Sonhos vem. Sonhos vгo. O resto й imperfeito.
— Renato Russo —

i am going to make my pages more css and xhtml compatible.
Only your intention to move to xhtml is on topic here, and the answer
is: don’t. Xhtml currently serves no useful purpose, use html 4.01
Strict.
Is there a good way to do this with css?

comp.infosystems.www.authoring.stylesheets is the correct place for
questions regarding css, but instead of moving your questions there you
should at least make a minimum effort to learn the basics yourself.

I’m assuming that you can access the web, there’s a plethora of
information on css there, use it.

And in your styles (so it’ll work for all pages with a ‘second-
class paragraph’):
p.second

This is mostly off-topic for this group (and better suited for
c.i.w.a.stylesheets), but there are HTML issues involved in the sense
that HTML elements have some _default_ rendering in browsers. Partly this
behavior is (obscurely) described in the sample style sheets for HTML in
CSS specifications.

It is important to note in cases like this that paragraphs (p elements)
generally have a default top margin and a default bottom margin.
Moreover, by CSS rules the actual spacing between two consecutive p
elements is the larger of the first element’s bottom margin and the
second element’s top margin.

Иллюстрированный самоучитель по программированию мобильных телефонов

Класс Spacer

Класс Spacer подвигает элемент на экране телефона, создавая тем самым свободное пространство с указанными размерами. Именно за создание свободного пространства на экране отвечает класс Spacer. При создании объекта класса используется один конструктор с двумя параметрами, при помощи которых задается создаваемое пространство на экране. Конструктор класса Spacer выглядит следующим образом:

Параметры конструктора Spacer:

  • minWidth – ширина в пикселях;
  • minHeight – высота в пикселях.

Класс Spacer имеет четыре метода, все они просты и не нуждаются в пояснениях, в приложении 2 находится справочник по платформе Java 2 ME, в котором вы сможете найти описание существующих методов класса Spacer. Чтобы показать работу класса Spacer, рассмотрим простой пример, где создается область в пятьдесят пикселей по ширине и ноль по высоте, благодаря чему элемент, размещенный в форме, сдвигается на указанное пространство вправо.

В качестве элемента встроенного.в форму используется класс TextField. В листинге 6.5 дается исходный код примера.

Листинг 6.5. Класс Spacer.

В листинге 6.5 создается рабочий класс MainClassSpacer и форма на основе класса Form. Объявляется объект sp для класса Spacer и инициализируется в методе startApp (). При инициализации объекта sp используются два значения для параметров, создавая тем самым пустое пространство с левой стороны от текстового поля, созданного при помощи класса TextField. Эмулятор изображенный на рис. 6.7 показывает работу программы из листинга 6.5.

Класс Spacer был добавлен в Java 2 ME для профиля MIDP 2.0, нельзя сказать, что этот элемент жизненно необходим, но бывают случаи, когда использование класса Spacer облегчает работу программиста.

Рис. 6.7. Пространство созданное классом Spacer

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